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Chronology of Events

Created: 2014.10.30 / Updated: 2015.07.29 15:27

1990 March 11 The Parliament votes to re-establish the independence of Lithuania.

1991 January 13 Soviet military action against the country’s independence. Fourteen Lithuanians die when paratroopers open fire and tanks run over peaceful protestors outside the TV tower in Vilnius.

1991 February 11 NATO member Iceland recognizes Lithuanian independence.

1991 July 29 The Treaty on the Foundations of Inter-State Relations between Lithuania and Russia, recognizing Lithuania’s independence, signed in Moscow

1991 September 17 Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are admitted to the United Nations.

1991 December 20 Lithuania participates in the first meeting of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) as a founding member.

1992 March 13-16 The first visit by a NATO Secretary General, Manfred Wörner, to the Baltic States takes place at the invitation of the Governments of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

1992 April 10 The first meeting of the NATO Military Committee in Cooperation Session with Chiefs of Defence and General Staff of the Central and Eastern European States is held.

1992 May 11 First visit of the Foreign Ministers of the Baltic States to NATO HQ.

1992 September 23 First visit to NATO by a Lithuanian Head of State, Prof. Vytautas Landsbergis.

1993 February 9 AFNORTH Commander Gen. Garry Johnson visits Lithuania.

1993 August 31 Russia completes the withdrawal of its troops from Lithuania.

1993 December 15 Presidents of the Baltic States announce their commitment to Baltic-Nordic cooperation and declare the goal of NATO membership as being in the best security interests of their countries.

1993 December 23 The Parliament adopts a resolution calling for NATO membership and development of foreign policy guidelines.

1994 January 4 In a letter to NATO Secretary General Manfred Wörner, President Algirdas Brazauskas officially requests Lithuanian membership in NATO.

1994 January 27 Lithuania joins the Partnership for Peace Programme and signs the PfP Framework Document at NATO HQ.

1994 August First Lithuanian infantry platoon (LITPLA-1) deployed to international operation (UNPROFOR II in Croatia) within a Danish battalion.

1994 November 30 Lithuania’s first PfP Partnership Programme with NATO is formally accepted.

1995 May 2 Lithuania’s first Planning and Review Process (PARP) is approved at a NATO Political-Military Committee + 1 meeting.

1995 December 20 Lithuanian platoon (LITPLA-3) joins NATO-led operation (IFOR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1996 December 19 A Law on National Security, indicating integration into Euro-Atlantic structures as the top priority of Lithuanian foreign and security policy, is adopted by Parliament.

1997 August 1 The Lithuanian Mission to NATO is established.

1997 October 9 Former (and current) Defence Minister Mr. Linas Linkevicius is appointed as Ambassador of Lithuania to NATO.

1998 January 16 Presidents of the United States, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia sign the U.S.- Baltic Charter in Washington. The main goals are to support the full integration of the Baltic States into European and trans-Atlantic structures.

1998 April 2 Polish President Aleksandr Kwasniewski announces Poland’s strong support for Lithuanian membership in NATO.

1999 January 14 The Parliament approves a plan for increasing the state defense budget to 2% of the GDP over a two-year period.

1999 April A NATO Information and international security library is opened at Martynas Mazvydas national library in Vilnius.

1999 April 23-25 NATO leaders launch the Membership Action Plan at the Washington Summit, specifically designed to provide advice and feedback to countries aspiring to join the Alliance.

1999 April 29 An inter-agency Co-ordination Commission for the Integration into NATO is established. The Commission is tasked to prepare a national NATO Integration Program.

2000 May 18-19 Nine Foreign Ministers of the NATO aspirant countries establish the Vilnius Group in the capital city of Lithuania during a conference on ''NATO's Role in the Changing Security Environment in Europe". The ministers adopt a Joint Declaration on NATO Enlargement. NATO Secretary General George Robertson participates at the Vilnius conference.

2000 November 17 Mr. Giedrius Cekuolis is appointed Chief Coordinator of Lithuania’s integration into the NATO.

2001 January 25 Ms. Ginte Damusis is appointed as Ambassador of Lithuania to NATO and the WEU.

2001 May 10-11 The Vilnius Group enlarges by admitting Croatia and becomes the Vilnius 10 at a meeting of Prime Ministers in Bratislava.

2001 May 23 Lithuanian political parties in Parliament conclude an agreement on defense policy, which mandates that 2 per cent of Lithuania’s GDP be committed for defense expenditures through 2004.

2001 May 27-31 The NATO Parliamentary Assembly holds its Spring Session in Vilnius with the participation of NATO Secretary General George Robertson.

2001 September 11 Lithuania condemns the acts of terror in the U.S. and announces its readiness to provide practical assistance.

2001 September 12 Within hours of the North Atlantic Council’s decision to invoke Article V, Lithuania delivers a statement on behalf of the Vilnius Group agreeing that the September 11 attack against the United States was an attack not only against the U.S., but on our common values. The Vilnius Group countries pledge their active support in the fight against terrorism.

2001 December 6-7 Foreign Ministers of the Vilnius Group make a joint statement on terrorism during the EAPC ministerial meeting in Brussels.

2002 January 17 During a meeting with President Valdas Adamkus, U.S. President George W. Bush affirms U.S. support for NATO enlargement for “all those nations ready to meet NATO requirements and to contribute to common security ”.

2002 May 28 The Parliament adopts a National Security Strategy reiterating NATO and EU membership as strategic goals.

2002 November 21-22 Lithuania, as well as Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, is invited to start accession negotiations with NATO.

2002 November 22-23 U.S. President George W. Bush pays an official visit to Lithuania. Before thousands of well-wishers at Town Hall Square in Vilnius, George W. Bush states that “anyone who would choose Lithuania as an enemy has also made an enemy of the United States of America. In the face of aggression, the brave people of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia will never again stand alone. ”

2003  January 10 Lithuania begins the first round of accession talks with NATO officials in Brussels.

2003 March 17 Minister of Foreign Affairs Antanas Valionis sends a letter to NATO Secretary General George Robertson confirming Lithuania’s willingness to accept all obligations and commitments stemming from the North Atlantic Treaty and to meet the requirements of NATO membership.

2003 March 26 Permanent Representatives of the 19 NATO member countries sign Protocols of Accession, paving the way for Lithuania and other NATO invitees to join the Alliance.

2003 October 30 Representatives of NATO member states and Lithuania discuss the fifth and final Annual National Programme of Lithuania in the MAP cycle before full membership in 2004.

2004 March 29 Lithuania, as well as Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia formally became members of NATO by depositing their instruments of accession with the United States Government.

2004 April 2 Lithuanian flag raised at a special flag-raising ceremony at NATO Headquarters in Brussels.

28-29 June 2004 in Istanbul Lithuania took part in the NATO summit for the first time as a full member of the Alliance, and contributed to the discussions on NATO agenda in Afghanistan, Iraq and other issues.

20-21 April 2005 Lithuania hosted an informal meeting of NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs in Vilnius. The meetings of NATO-Russia Council and NATO –Ukraine Commission took place at the same time with the participation of the ministers of Foreign Affairs of these countries. In Vilnius NATO invited Ukraine to start the Intensified Dialogue for Ukraine’s membership aspirations.

20 June 2005 the first platoon of Lithuanian troops arrived in Chagcharan, the administrative centre of Ghowr province of Afghanistan, where Lithuania took the lead of a Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT), as part of the NATO International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.

July 2005 according to the decision of the Government of Lithuania, the Lithuanian Special Mission was founded in Afgnainstan; the Mission’s major responsibilities being to ensure the functioning of the civilian element of the Lithuanian lead PRT in Ghowr province and to fulfill the functions of diplomatic representation. The PRT is composed of a military unit and the Special mission with civilian and political functions.

28-29 November 2006 NATO summit took place in Riga. Important decisions were taken on Alliance operations, partnerships and strengthening of the defense capabilities.

2-4 April 2008 at the NATO summit in Bucharest Croatia and Albania were invited to join the Alliance, Ukraine and Georgia were given a NATO membership perspective. Special attention was given to the necessity to intensify discussions of the allies on energy security.

7-8 February 2008 Lithuania hosted a NATO Defence Ministers meeting in Vilnius. The NATO-Ukraine Commission, the NATO-Russia Council, and the KFOR and ISAF contributors’ meetings also took place.

3-4 April 2009 a NATO summit was held in Strasbourg and Kehl to mark the 60th anniversary of the Alliance.

19-20 November 2010 the NATO summit in Lisbon adopted a new NATO Strategic Concept. Lithuania took part in the drafting process of the Strategic Concept for the first time. The document reaffirms that Collective Defense remains the core principle of the Alliance, it also lays ground for a more effective, efficient and modern organization, able to respond to the new and to the conventional security threats, developing a wide range of partnerships across the globe.

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